Merece la pena leer estos cuatro artículos que se publican hoy para entender la trascendencia de la reunión.
Como señalé recientemente en este artículo en El País, analizando los posibles obstáculos para lograr el acuerdo, ‘la oportunidad es única y requiere visión a largo plazo por parte de todos, anteponiendo los intereses generales a los electorales. Otro conflicto en Oriente Próximo es la peor de todas las opciones. Pese a las reticencias, la negociación y la diplomacia son la única manera segura de resolver la cuestión nuclear iraní. Para ello, sin lugar a dudas, es ahora o nunca’
- Thomas L. Friedman: ‘Let’s make a deal‘, The New York Times:
United Arab Emirates — The Middle East once again proves that if you eat right, exercise regularly and don’t smoke, you’ll live long enough to see everything, including a day when the Jews controlling Jerusalem and the Sunni Saudi Custodians of the Great Mosques of Mecca and Medina would form a tacit alliance against the Shiite Persians of Iran and the Protestants of America — with the Hindus of India and the Confucians of China also supporting America, sort of, while the secularist French play all sides.
I’ve now seen everything.
- Michael Eisenstadt: ’Why a Nuclear Deal with Iran Is So Hard‘, The National Interest:
It should have come as no surprise when talks between Iran and the P5+1 in Geneva two weeks ago ended without an interim confidence-building agreement—apparently because the Islamic Republic could not accept a revised draft agreement that did not recognize its “right to enrich.” Negotiations with Iran have always been difficult, protracted affairs—in this case, made more fraught by differences between France and the other members of the P5+1. Diplomacy has been further complicated by the fact that Tehran hopes to use negotiations to confirm (if not legitimize) its status as a nuclear threshold state, while preserving a degree of ambiguity regarding its actual capabilities—an outcome that the P5+1 is not likely—or at least should not—agree to. Finding a way through these thickets will be key if nuclear diplomacy with Iran is to succeed.
- Ramin Jahanbegloo: ‘US-Iran negotiations are fragile, but there’s room for hope‘. The Christan Science Monitor:
The Obama administration faces pressure from Congress for more sanctions against Iran. Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani faces increasing pressure from hardliners who oppose negotiations with the US. But a diplomatic deal is still clearly preferable for all sides.
- Alireza Nader: ‘We’re Close to a Good Deal with Iran. Why Sabotage It?’. The National Interest:
The details of a first step in a comprehensive deal with Iran have not been made public. Both the P5+1 (U.S., UK, France, Russia, China and Germany) and Iran have managed to keep them a secret, fearing that hardliners on both sides may try to sabotage the deal before an agreement is signed. However, this has not prevented those with maximalist positions on the nuclear program, including Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu, from opposing the first step. Netanyahu, among others, has demanded that the entire Iranian nuclear program be dismantled, and has encouraged the U.S. Congress to pass more sanctions against Iran. According to media reports, it appears that Iran and the P5+1 are close to agreeing for Tehran to suspend major aspects of its program, including the enrichment of uranium to a medium level of 20 percent, and installation of more advanced centrifuges, in return for reversible and limited easing of sanctions, including allowing Iran to export petrochemicals and access oil revenue frozen by sanctions.