ESADEgeo Daily Digest, 25/06/2018

Erdogan, Turkey, Demokratie, Politician, Parliament

Anadolu Agency – Merve Aydogan & Cansu Dikme / Erdogan’s main rival accepts election results

  • Turkey’s Supreme Election Council announced that, with 99.2 percent of ballot boxes opened, Recep Tayyip Erdogan won an absolute majority in the Turkish presidential election with 52.5 percent of the vote, while his top rival Muharrem Ince lagged behind at 30.6 percent.
  • In the parliamentary polls, the People’s Alliance won 53.6 percent of the votes, with 99.1 percent of ballot boxes opened. The People’s Alliance is made up of Erdogan’s Justice and Development Party (AKP) and the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP).
  • “I accept the election results,” Muharrem Ince said, addressing a news conference at the Republican People’s Party (CHP) headquarters in capital Ankara. Ince denied claims he had received any threats.

Financial Times – Jim Brunsden, Mehreen Khan & James Politi / Italy disrupts ‘summit to save Merkel’ on migration

  • At a mini-summit in Brussels on Sunday, dubbed the “summit to save Merkel”, Italy’s new government demanded the EU rip up its system for dealing with migrants.
  • The summit was requested by Berlin as a chance for German Chancellor Angela Merkel to press for stronger powers for countries to send back asylum seekers already registered in another EU country.
  • But Italian prime minister Giuseppe Conte instead called for “radical change” in the EU’s so-called Dublin principle that makes frontline countries such as Italy responsible for dealing with asylum claims and allows for registered asylum seekers that move on to another country to be sent back to the state they landed in.
  • Discussions between the EU28 on Thursday promise to be even more complex, as Sunday’s summit did not involve the four Visegrad countries — Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and the Czech Republic.

Washington Post – Robert J. Samuelson / We’re going to lose this trade war

  • US President Donald Trump’s focus on reducing the global US trade deficit will make it much harder to impede China’s ability to acquire advanced technologies on favorable terms.
  • As Brookings’ David Dollar pointed out, the US cannot accomplish this policing alone. China could turn to other advanced countries — Japan, Germany, Canada, South Korea, France — for similar technologies. To be effective, the US needs a global coalition that will cooperate in curbing abuses.
  • But Trump’s bombastic assaults against the US’s traditional trading partners — and military allies — virtually guarantee that the essential cooperation will be difficult, if not impossible, to attain. Trump’s policies are more than misguided; they’re backward.
  • Trump’s obsession with the trade deficit – which the US has been running since 1976 – is misplaced. The dollar continues to be the most important global currency, used to settle trade transactions and make cross-border investments. This extra demand for dollars props up its exchange rate, which makes US exports costlier and imports cheaper. Deficits ensue.

Foreign Policy – Jason Pack / The West is letting Libya tear itself apart

  • The current round of violence in Libya was tragically predictable. Western governments’ recent loose talk about holding elections is a major culprit for inflaming passions, after a year of quiet.
  • Amid a flurry of diplomatic activity, France and the United Nations forgot to establish the rules of the game or the legal framework that would govern these elections. No one in Libya or in international capitals even knows if the elections will be parliamentary or presidential.
  • Rather than engaging in cheap talk about democracy, veteran diplomats in Washington and London should attempt to enforce rules of the game as a corrective to the zero-sum mentality in Libya whereby winners try to marginalize the vanquished and control all the spoils.
  • Issuing concrete pledges to protect Libya’s crucial physical infrastructure — namely, the electricity, water, and oil grids — as well as the few Libyan technocrats willing to implement painful economic reforms is long overdue.

The selected pieces do not necessarily reflect the views of Javier Solana and ESADEgeo. The summaries above may include word-for-word excerpts from their respective pieces. 

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