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EsadeGeo Daily Digest, 22/09/2020

EsadeGeo Daily Digest, 22/09/2020

File:Mike Pompeo by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg

The New York Times – Lara Jakes, David E. Sanger and Farnaz Fassihi / Trying to hammer Iran with U.N. sanctions, U.S. issues more of its own

  • The United States issued new economic sanctions against Iran on Monday, inflicting more financial injury on Tehran and insult on American allies as the Trump administration accused other countries of appeasing Iran instead of fostering peace.
  • That position puts the Trump administration at odds not only with the Security Council but with Britain, France and Germany, which have refused to extend an arms embargo against Iran past its Oct. 18 expiration to preserve a 2015 nuclear deal between Tehran and world powers.
  • The top European Union diplomat, Josep Borrell, had earlier repeated his stance that the United States could not impose the international sanctions because it was no longer a party to the deal that had lifted them.
  • The dispute between the United States and Europe widens a diplomatic breach that began when the Trump administration withdrew from the nuclear deal in 2018, but it appears mostly symbolic: An E.U. arms embargo against Iran is not set to expire until 2023, meaning that any weapons trade with its nations would already be penalized.
  • Foreign Policy – Robbie Gramer, Jack Detsch and Colum Lynch / U.S. isolated at U.N. as push to ramp up pressure on Iran fails

Financial Times – Michael Peel / Cyprus blocks EU sanctions on Belarus

  • The EU has failed to agree long-awaited sanctions over the crackdown by President Alexander Lukashenko’s regime in Belarus, despite appeals by the country’s self-exiled opposition leader for them to be imposed without delay.
  • Cyprus has blocked action by insisting the EU should also agree sanctions on Turkey before it gives the green light, European diplomats said, after a meeting of foreign ministers in Brussels on Monday ended in deadlock.
  • The spat — which Nicosia insists it wants to resolve — has highlighted how the system of unanimity in EU foreign policymaking can hobble the 27-member bloc’s efforts to exert influence internationally.
  • The dispute will now be raised at a meeting of EU leaders this week, at which the EU’s stand-off with Turkey over eastern Mediterranean energy reserves will be high on the agenda.
  • The Guardian – Jennifer Rankin / EU fails to agree on Belarus sanctions after Cyprus blocks plan

Politico – Hannah Roberts, Paola Tamma and Giorgio Leali / In Italian elections, everyone claims victory

  • Both coalition partners — the 5Star Movement and the Democratic Party — claimed victory after Italians went to the polls on Sunday and Monday to vote in regional elections and in a constitutional referendum.
  • The Democratic Party (PD) fought off a challenge from the right in three out of the four regions it was defending, including its traditional stronghold of Tuscany. It also held onto Puglia and Campania but lost Marche.
  • The 5Stars lost significant support in the regional polls but received huge public approval in the referendum on reducing the number of MPs, its flagship policy, with around 70 percent backing the cut.
  • Although the right-wing League held onto Veneto and Liguria, leader Matteo Salvini had promised much more, including winning in Puglia and Tuscany, and failure to deliver destroyed his chances of making a decisive push against the government — for now.
  • Euractiv – Alessandro Follis / Italy slashes number of politicians by a third

The Guardian – Fiona Harvey / World’s richest 1% cause double CO2 emissions of poorest 50%, says Oxfam

  • The wealthiest 1% of the world’s population were responsible for the emission of more than twice as much carbon dioxide as the poorer half of the world from 1990 to 2015, according to new research.
  • Carbon dioxide emissions rose by 60% over the 25-year period, but the increase in emissions from the richest 1% was three times greater than the increase in emissions from the poorest half.
  • Such a concentration of carbon emissions in the hands of the rich means that despite taking the world to the brink of climate catastrophe, through burning fossil fuels, we have still failed to improve the lives of billions, said Tim Gore, head of policy, advocacy and research at Oxfam International.
  • The richest 10% of the global population, comprising about 630 million people, were responsible for about 52% of global emissions over the 25-year period, the study showed. Globally, the richest 10% are those with incomes above about $35,000 (£27,000) a year, and the richest 1% are people earning more than about $100,000.
  • Bloomberg – Charlotte Ryan / Airbus unveils hydrogen designs for zero-emission flight

Today’s lesson:

The selected pieces do not necessarily reflect the views of Javier Solana and EsadeGeo. The summaries above may include word-for-word excerpts from their respective pieces.


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