Excerps from Egypt Independent journal.
The trial of Mubarak, Adly, Gamal and Alaa Mubarak, businessman Hussein Salem and the six Interior Ministry officials presented the judiciary with an opportunity to send a serious message to government institutions that abuse of power, human rights violations and corruption are no longer acceptable and regime figures are not above the law.
While Mubarak’s conviction may send a warning to the next president — whoever he is — the acquittal of Adly’s deputies suggests that the Interior Ministry can continue to kill dissenters with relative impunity. For human rights advocates, security sector reform has been a top priority in post-Mubarak transition, but one that has seen few successes.
“The ministry continues to operate in an environment that will never be held accountable. There is already a lot of frustration and the lack of civic trust is increasing,” says Ennarah.
Moreover, the limited scope of the conviction for Mubarak doesn’t send the right signal to future politicians, according to Azzam. Although Refaat’s opening remarks referenced Mubarak’s 30 years of corruption and abuse, the former president was only convicted for killing protesters between 28 and 31 January, three days out of his 30-year reign under which the Interior Ministry is widely reported to have regularly tortured and killed with impunity.
“Mubarak was never tried for the 30 years of dictatorship when Egyptians suffered politically and economically. The trial was a microcosm of his political role. There was no judgment on the 30 years, in which the security services wreaked havoc on people’s lives.
The results of the much-anticipated Mubarak trial will undoubtedly impact the presidential election runoff scheduled to take place on 16 and 17 June between the Muslim Brotherhood’s Mohamed Morsy and Ahmed Shafiq, Mubarak’s last prime minister.
How the voters will be swayed by the results, however, remains to be seen.
“The Interior Ministry generals are free and are going to be out on the streets mobilizing [support for Shafiq]. Shafiq, who has a military background in addition to being a member of Mubarak’s Cabinet, is viewed as the preferred candidate of the Interior Ministry and the military.
“The verdict helps Shafiq, because it has a possibility of animating his support base. For those who feel a nostalgia for the old regime, who might have good feelings toward Mubarak, it would activate a sense of injustice, and mobilize people to vote for Shafiq”
Many othersr believs the verdict will play into the hands of Morsy and the Muslim Brotherhood, both of whose campaign rhetoric includes touting the rights of the martyrs of the revolution.
Morsy’s campaign coordinator Ahmed Abdel Atty released a statement on the presidential campaign’s Facebook page today commenting on the verdicts: “The blood of our martyrs won’t be wasted. As Egyptians, we will seek a just punishment and a retrial for all those who committed crimes against the nation. The verdict was shocking for the people, who will no longer stay silent for their rights.”
People thin it will play out against Shafiq and is a reminder of what has happened in terms of a loss of rights. It revives what the Mubarak period was about,. “There are those who are committed to supporting the old regime. But doubters may feel uncomfortable with supporting Shafiq. So, they will either boycott the run-offs, or shift the balance toward Morsy.”